121st Ohio Volunteer Infantry
There are two types of weapons that are accepted by the 121st O.V.I. The Civil War saw a wide variety of weapons that were
purchased by the Army, but we have selected the two most popular, and both were used by the original regiment. There are several
brands, but Dixie Gun Works and Armi Sport are among the best. They can be purchased at just about any sutler.
Model 1861 Springfield Rifled Musket
Rate of Fire: 3 rounds per minute
Weight: 8 pounds
The 1861 Springfield Rifled Musket was the standard arm of the Union Army throughout the
war, replacing the Model 1855 that had the Maynard Primer system. It was called the Springfield
because it was made at the Army Arsenal at Springfield, Massachusetts, which after Confederate
Colonel Thomas J. Jackson destroyed the arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, made it the only Union arsenal making rifles. The
1861 Springfield design was contracted out to many manufacturers across the North to keep up with the demands of the Army,
making the most widely used weapon even among the volunteer forces. The original 121st O.V.I. was issued this musket in
December 1862 and used it through every battle they fought afterwards. It is a muzzle-loading weapon, which requires each
round to be rammed down the barrel. A good soldier was trained to get three aimed shots a minute with this musket.
The Springfield is a very nice weapon. However, it does have its flaws. Its slender stock doesn't give enough counterweight
against the barrel, making it barrel heavy. Its half cock, from which position you prime the musket, is small.
Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifled Musket
Rate of Fire: 3 rounds per minute
Weight: 9 pounds
The Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifled Musket was the second most popular weapon on the field.
Due to shortages of Springfields necessary to equip the Army, the War Department went over
seas and retrieved one of the best muskets available. The British Enfield was the latest and
greatest from the empire that ruled a quarter of the world. The Enfield worked well
in America, for it used the same ammunition as the Springfield. It, too, was a muzzle-loading weapon with the same rate of fire as
The Enfield, though slightly heavier, is a better balanced weapon. It has a wider half-cock, making it easier to prime. A patch
jag in the tulip of the ramrod makes for quick cleaning but can cause the patch to get stuck. The bluing on the metal, however, is
unauthentic, as the English never blued a muzzle-loading weapon.
Fall Creek Price: $675.00
Regimental Quartermaster Price: $645.00
Everyone who looks to join Civil War reenacting unit usually has one question:
can I get a pistol? Frankly, it's your money and if you want one, that's your
decision. However, infantry soldiers were not issued sidearms. Some soldiers did
purchase their own pistols or were given them as gifts by friends and family, but
they generally disappeared before they ever saw action. They were extra weight, and
soldiers were always concerned about the weight they had to carry, and
maintenance. Plus, there was the extra ammunition, which the Army wouldn't issue,
so the soldier had to purchase it themselves. So, many were sent home. Others
ended up shooting themselves or their friends in accidents. The 121st O.V.I. had
two such incidents among their enlisted men shortly after they were mustered into
service. Generally, only officers, who had to purchase their own equipment and only
a sword as a weapon, carried pistols.
As a result, pistols will not be allowed on the field.
A necessary component of the single shot musket was the socket bayonet, which fit over the muzzle of the barrel to give the
soldier a close quarters weapon when he had fired his one shot. While less than 0.1% of all Civil War casualties were bayonet
inflicted, the bayonet still remained a standard part of the soldier's equipment. The triangular shape punched a hole into the enemy
rather than a slice, creating a wound that was hard to heal. It was such a nasty wound that soldiers preferred not to use it.
Instead, they tended to use blunt objects such as musket butts, rocks, fists, clubs, etc. However, they did find a variety of camp
uses for it, which made it a handy tool.
Which bayonet you get depends on the type of musket you get, but both the Enfield's and Springfield's work and operate the
Fall Creek Price: $36.95
Regimental Quartermaster Price: $36.95
Leather Musket Slings for both weapons
Fall Creek Price: $19.95
Regimental Quartermaster Price: $19.95